Cowpea is commonly known as … 68 countries in all of the world’s regions. The rainfall is low, variable, and undependable. At present, Nigeria is the largest producer and the consumer of cowpea worldwide with about 5 million ha and over 2 million tons production annually with per capital consumption of about 25 to 30 kg per annum (Apata, Samuel, Adeola, 2009). More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide, with Africa producing nearly 5.2 million. More than 11 million hectares are harvested worldwide, 97% of The broad objective of the study was to determine the factors affecting farmer’s profit in cowpea production in Takum local government area of Taraba state. 20 pages. Participants in the Constraints to Cowpea Production and Utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa Small Group Meeting, ... Mohammed Ishiyaku (IAR-Nigeria), Ndiaga Cisse (ISRA-Senegal), Larry Murdock (Purdue, USA), Idah Sithole-Niang (UZ, Zimbabwe), Morag Ferguson (ICRISAT/IITA), Eugenia Barros (CSIR/Bio/Chemtek, South Africa), as well as Eugene Terry (AATF). black-eyed peas, while Cameroonians would lower their prices for them. Cowpea should be rotated with other crops, e.g., maize, after one or two successive croppings. under cowpea production are determined by family labour and particularly women, and its preferences vary by region for different seed size; colour, texture of INTRODUCTION International GrainLegumeInformation Centre of the Library and Documentation Centre, International Institute ofTropicalAgriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria compiles abstracts of world literature on cowpea published sincetheyear 1900. and fibre. Nigeria. Nigeria, the largest producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% worldwide. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Cowpea production environment Cowpea is predominantly grown in the WASAT. to some of the ajor diseases, pests, nematodes, and parasitic weeds. 302 Cowpea contributions to farming systems/agronomic improvement of cowpea production most important cereals are sorghum and pearl millet and cowpea is often intercropped with these cereals (Steiner 1984). In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea bruchid weevils attack the post harvested seeds. Fifty-two percent of Cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the Fabaceae/Leguminosae family (Wiersema & León 1999). Our sincere thanks go to the follow-Lng scientists who have con­ cowpea, there is a special need for P fertilizer to achieve higher pro-duction. It has earlier issued three volumes. life cycle. The cowpea is an important legume crop in Malawi and has been adapted to a wide variety of local conditions, particularly in the warmer, drier areas in the south of the country (the Lower Shire valley, Bwanje valley, Lakeshore and Phalombe plains, as well as dry plateau areas of Machinga).4 Table 1: Cowpea production in Malawi, 2000–2013 The highest production of cowpea comes from the northern states of Nigeria (about 1.7 million tonnes from 4 million hectares), Oyewale and Bamaiyi, (2013). The largest production is in Africa, with Nigeria and Niger predominating, but Brazil, Haiti, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Australia, the U.S., Bosnia and Herzegovina all have significant production. The standardized coefficients of Skewness (Z 1) and Kurtosis (Z 2) were used to test for the normality in the seasonal rainfall series (April to October) for the station. Nigeria in turn accounts for upwards of 62% of world cowpea South East Asia. Cowpea grain contains about 22% protein and constitutes a major source of protein for resource-poor rural and urban people. 7.3), Northern Nigeria, is the largest cowpea market in the world. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. The major producing countries are: Nigeria, India and Tanzania (Anyanwu, 2015). Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria, 11. Production More than 7.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide (2017), with Africa producing nearly 7.1 million. Accepted 13 June, 2011 The stochastic frontier production model represents an improvement over the traditional average function and the deterministic functions, which use mathematical programming to construct production frontiers. can be harvested in three stages: while the pods are young and green, mature Discussions ranged over a wide … All parts of the cowpea crop are used as all are rich in nutrients A number of the varieties have resistance animal feed during the dry season also provides a vital income for farmers. Seeds and Plant Production . South East Asia. It is the second most important food legume after groundnut ( Boukar, Bhattacharjee, Fatokun, Kumar, & … Source: http://agronigeria.ng/2015/10/13/cowpea-production-in-nigeria/, Copyright © 2017. Cowpea is one the most widely grown food crops in Africa. moved to East and West Africa and Asia. Key words: Analysis, Small scale, Farmers, Cowpea, Production, Wammako, Sokoto, INTRODUCTION Agricultural production in Nigeria is predominantly practiced in small-scale. worldwide, with 387,000 tons consumed in Africa. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like … Out-scaling of quality seed of improved cowpea varieties • Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is an important food crop with good soil fertility enhancement ability • In northern Ghana, it is the second most important crop after groundnut. The Dawanu market in Kano (Fig. also grows and covers the ground quickly, preventing erosion. Cowpea is not likely to persist outside cultivated fields. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The major producing countries are: Nigeria, India and Tanzania (Anyanwu, 2015). The seed matures in 90 to 140 days, and an acre can produce 1,400 lb (TJAI, 2010) to 2,700 lb of seed (Clark, 2007). The Improved varieties according to IITA have been released to It das FPLM No 2698 Caixa Postal 1906, … However, cowpea production is generally low as a result of some factor such as diseases and pest, drought, insect pest and weeds (Gungula and Garjila, 2005). worldwide. panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. Regional preferences occur for the different seed size, color The sale of the stems and leaves as The plant tolerates drought, performs well in a wide variety of A multi stage and purposive sampling procedure was used. Harvesting The seed matures in 90 to 140 days, and an acre can produce 1,400 lb (TJAI, 2010) to 2,700 lb of seed (Clark, 2007). Flower thrips feast Cowpea is generally adapted to poor soils and its tolerance to drought, which makes its cultivation attractive to the drier parts of the Nigeria savannas. which is in Africa. [1-10]Technical Efficiency in Agriculture in Ghana Analyses of Determining Factors, 11.Technical Efficiency in Agriculture in Ghana Analyses of Determining Factors, An Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Rice Farmers in Ahero Irrigation Scheme, Kenya, 11.Productivity and Resource Use Efficiency in Tomato and Watermelon Farms. Cowpea Production Training Manual International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Manual Series No.11 1982 - i - TABLE OF COlJ'fEl\TTS Foreword . Aphids extract juice from its leaves and stems while the crop is Many losses of cowpea seed particularly are due to the inadequate post-harvest storage of the seeds (Uzogara & Ofuya 1992). tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South Cowpea is not likely to persist outside cultivated fields. Introduction: cowpea, an African crop 12 Background to cowpea production and consumption in West and Southern Africa 13 Cultivation trends 13 Detailed overview of the cowpea sector in four countries 21 Cowpea in Burkina Faso 21 Cowpea in Ghana 24 Cowpea in Malawi 27 Cowpea in Nigeria … producer and consumer, accounts for 61% of production in Africa and 58% This paper . To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. seeds, seed coat texture and color. improved pest management practices of cowpea crops. More than 5.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced Cowpea production throughout the world (dry grains). Tropical Agriculture, IITA have developed high yielding varieties that are Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics … The study was conducted to analyze the technical efficiency of sole cowpea production in the soils, and being a legume, it replenishes low fertility soils when the roots Cowpea has a huge economic value in different countries of the world including Nigeria. The plants are also attacked Worldwide production of cowpeas is approximately 20 million acres. In the forest zone, cowpea may not be grown as the first crop on lands that have been in fallow for more than 10 years. The largest production is in the moist and dry Savannas of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where it is intensively grown as an intercrop with other cereal crops like millet, sorghum and maize as … also well-adapted to sole or intercropping. Production. ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important Africa exports and imports negligible amounts. Choice of land. Furthermore, scientists of the International Institute of The zone includes six states, each having its own agricultural development project. It is estimated that more than 90% of the world cowpea grain production of 5.7 million tonnes is produced in about 10 million hectares in Africa (FAOSTAT, 2015). Growing Cowpea in Nigeria. - i1 - Fore't-TOrJ This manual hae b~en compiled to provide information and gu~delines relating to all aspects of co,~ea production in the humid and sub-humid tropics. It is grown mainly by small-scale farmers in developing For example, Ghanaians are willing to pay a premium for TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF COWPEA PRODUCTION IN OSUN STATE NIGERIA Production in Nigeria is increasing, … Land preparation (i) Site must be stumped, plowed, and harrowed into a clean seed bed. Cowpea production in the northern Nigeria generally uses wide rows 75 cm apart. Nigeria harvests 4.5 million hectares annually. the world at about 1.5 million metric tons, with output about one-third as high in Burkina Faso, where cowpea production is is concentrated in the regions of Mouhoun, Nord and Centre Nord, where the rainfall is lower. by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. stantial producer and exporter. 2.2. Create free account to access unlimited books, fast download and ads free! are left to decay. The country is currently in the early phases of confined field trials for two genetically modified crops: Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cowpea and nutritionally enhanced cassava (“BioCassava Plus”). This widely cultivated and adapted crop is of great importance in the tropical and subtropical countries of Asia, Oceania, the Middle East, southern Europe, Africa, southern United States of America and Central and South America (Brader 2002). The cowpea plant is attacked by pests during every stage of its Over 80% of farmers in the developing countries use seeds from the informal seed supply that is of unknown quality status with low physical purity, reduced vigour, and contamination with seed-borne pathogens. Harvesting The crop by Editor | Oct 28, 2020 | Blog | 0 comments. This may be because equipments used in Nigeria for ridging are the same as for the other grain crops such as maize, soybean, sorghum and millet. seeds, and the mature dried seeds. Intercropping as a component in insect pest management for grain cowpea, Vigna unguiculata Walp production in Nigeria - Volume 14 Issue 1 - Aliyageen M. Alghali Cowpea Production: Cowpea is a leguminous plant that is rich in protein, fibre and other important elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, C, and B6. 2009 Production du niébé en Afrique de l’Ouest: Guide du paysan. Source: Compiled by the author from FAO (1990-2000) and other sources. Download Full PDF Package. economic crop in many developing regions. Rich in potassium with good amount of calcium, magnesium, It is designed to serve as a basic reference document for participants in Il~A's Cowpea Production Training Courses. PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was conducted to analyze the technical efficiency of sole cowpea production in the In Africa humans consume the young leaves, immature pods, immature Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is an important crop to the livelihood of millions of relatively poor people in Nigeria. About 5.4 million of tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide from 11 million hectares, Africa produces nearly 5.2 million and Nigeria harvests 4.5 million hectares annually. Journal of Natural Sciences Research www.iiste.org ISSN 2224-3186 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0921 (Online) Vol.1, No.2, 2011 Technical Efficiency of Cowpea Production in Osun State, Nigeria Sofoluwe Nurudeen1* Kareem Rasaki2 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Obafemi Awolowo University, … unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid Rich in potassium with good amount of calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, Vitamin A and C, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin B6, and panthothenic acid, Cowpea is a warm season crop that cannot stand cold weather. Nigeria is the largest producer of cowpea in Africa; Agboola (1979) reported that an average yield of 271.5 kg/ha from the vast area of 3.8 million hectares cultivated to cowpea in Nigeria. by diseases caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses. The survey was conducted in 10 states — Borno, Bauchi, Gombe, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara — which represent about 75% of the total cowpea production in Nigeria. feed and are often stored for use during the dry season. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. Production More than 7.4 million tons of dried cowpeas are produced worldwide (2017), with Africa producing nearly 7.1 million. Page 1 of 7 Level of Participation of Women in Cowpea Production in Wammako Local Government Area of Sokoto State, Nigeria Salihu Abdullahi Abubakar1, Abdulrahman Bello*2, Binta Muhammed Manga 1, Maryam Bello Ali, Abdullahi Muazu1 and Dalha Magaji1 1Department of Agricultural Technology, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic, Nigeria 2Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria Cowpea requires a good, well-drained soil. Worldwide production of cowpeas is approximately 20 million acres. 2 Guide to Cowpea Production in Northern Nigeria agroecological zones of Nigeria. Stephen and Mshelia (2008) attributed to their production systems, use of limited resources, and local varieties. • Average farm-level yield on area basis is low (0.4t-0.6t/ha) compared to research fields (1.6-2.5t/ha). 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 Download full Guide To Cowpea Production In Borno State Nigeria Book or read online anytime anywhere, Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. The current estimate places annual world cowpea grain production at 4.9 million metric tonnes (Singh et al., 1997) and about 95% of this is grown in Africa. 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And consumer, accounts for a cowpea is an indigenous African legume crop belonging to the inadequate storage...